Joined: July 2007
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|But for some reason, no matter how broad their kinds are, they never think humans belong in the ape kind. I wonder why?|
Evidence, moron. As in there isn't any evidence that a quadruped/ knuckle-walker can evolve into an upright biped. Kinesiology argues against such a transformation due to the simple fact that the muscle attachment points have changed.
But then again you are clearly too dim to understand any of that
This will be devastating news to my Anthropologist spouse. She’ll have to break it to her physical anthropology class that Joe says there is no evidence, and they’ve all wasted their tuition this semester. And she’ll have to tell the textbook author that the book is empty. And the company that sold all of the skeletal models that were supposed to show the changes present in the fossil record will have to be informed that the boxes arrived empty.
Great, when she has any evidence that genetic changes can account for those physiological and anatomical differences she will definitely win a Nobel Prize.
Or do you guys support Lamarckian evolution in which those knuckle-walkers forced themselves into be upright bipeds?
The evolution from terrestrial mammals to fully aquatic cetaceans took many more genetic / physiological / anatomical changes than did from human/chimp LCA to human. We have those changes identified.
|Molecular evolution tracks macroevolutionary transitions in Cetacea|
McGowen et al
Trends in Ecology and Evolution
Volume 29, Issue 6, June 2014, Pages 336-346
Abstract: Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) is a model group for investigating the molecular signature of macroevolutionary transitions. Recent research has begun to reveal the molecular underpinnings of the remarkable anatomical and behavioral transformation in this clade. This shift from terrestrial to aquatic environments is arguably the best-understood major morphological transition in vertebrate evolution. The ancestral body plan and physiology were extensively modified and, in many cases, these crucial changes are recorded in cetacean genomes. Recent studies have highlighted cetaceans as central to understanding adaptive molecular convergence and pseudogene formation. Here, we review current research in cetacean molecular evolution and the potential of Cetacea as a model for the study of other macroevolutionary transitions from a genomic perspective.
• Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) is a model group for investigating the molecular signature of macroevolutionary transitions.
• Recent research has documented the remarkable convergence between echolocating bats and odontocetes across six genes related to auditory physiology.
• Cetaceans are a premier model of wholesale sensory evolution, in which anatomical changes related to sensory perception dovetail nicely with molecular evolutionary patterns, including the pseudogenization of some visual opsins, olfactory receptors, vomeronasal receptors, and taste receptors.
• Modifications in myoglobin also show that the net surface charge of myoglobin in cetaceans correlates with depth of dive, and these changes have also occurred in other aquatic lineages, such as pinnipeds
Joke maybe you can explain how this data supports Biblical created "kinds". :D
Clearly you didn't read the paper as it has nothing to do with any of the anatomical and physiological changes required to go from a land mammal to a cetacean. You are just a bluffing and gullible moron.
And clearly the only reason Frankie cannot post on Peaceful Science is because you ran like a little baby because your lies and bullshit were being exposed.
It's Joe, make him stop- wahh, wahh
Chromosomes. are. all. connected. It is one long polymer. Called the DNA. - oleg t
simple English (hint: "equal" and "interchangeable" aren't synonyms)- JohnW
"Genetic mutations are mistakes"- evolutionary biology
"Genetic mutations aren't mistakes"- Intelligent Design and Timothy Horton